A-Z of Berries

A useful guide to the main Berry species used for food; their origins, seasonality, preparation and care details and some practical information about each Berry.

Please click on the Berry species highlighted inĀ blue to bring up the relevant links.


Blackberry, of which there are many species and hybrids, such as dewberry, boysenberry, olallieberry, and tayberry (genus Rubus)

Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus)

Loganberry (Rubus loganobaccus)

Raspberry, several species (genus Rubus)

Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis)

Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)

Wineberry (Rubus phoenicolasius)

True berries

The true berries are dominated by the family Ericaceae, many of which are hardy in the subarctic:


Bearberry (Arctostaphylos spp.)

Bilberry or whortleberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Crowberry (Empetrum spp.)

Cranberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Falberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)

Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo), not to be confused with the Strawberry (Fragaria)


Barberry (Berberis; Berberidaceae)

Currant (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae), red, black, and white types

Elderberry (Sambucus; Caprifoliaceae)


Gooseberry (Ribes spp.; Grossulariaceae)

Hackberry (Celtis spp.; Cannabaceae)

Honeysuckle: the berries of some species (called honeyberries) are edible, others are poisonous (Lonicera spp.; Caprifoliaceae)

Mulberry (Morus spp.; Moraceae)

Mayapple (Podophyllum spp.; Berberidaceae)

Nannyberry or sheepberry (Viburnum spp.; Caprifoliaceae)

Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium; Berberidaceae)

Sea BuckthornĀ  (Hippophae rhamnoides; Elaeagnaceae)

Ugniberry (Ugni molinae; Myrtaceae)

Wolfberry (Lycium barbarum, Lycium Chinense; Solanaceae)