Holstein dairy cow

Dairy farming is long-term production of milk, usually from dairy cows but also from goats and sheep, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale.

Most dairy farms sell the male calves born by their cows, usually for veal production, or breeding depending on quality of the bull calf, rather than raising non-milk-producing stock. Many dairy farms also grow their own feed, typically including corn, alfalfa, and hay. This is fed directly to the cows, or is stored as silage or hay for use during the winter season. Additional dietary supplements are often added to the feed to increase quality milk production.


The following articles have been sourced as quality information on Dairying. To make the information easier to find, we have grouped the articles into subject groups. To examine these articles, please click on the associated Links.

Dairy Business Planning

Dairy Cattle Breeds

Dairy Cattle Diseases

 Dairy Lactation and Milking

Dairy cows and calves

Dairy Nutrition and Feeding

Dairy Production

Meat and Calf Production

Dairy pastures

Dairy Reproduction & Genetics

Dairy animal health

Dairy- Other