Hitching the tractor

Source Own work (Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez

Many agricultural workers are injured or killed as a result of improper hitching of a tractor to a load. When operating machines with mounted equipment, always stabilize the load with adequate ballast. Hitching loads to the drawbar is the safest and most effective point for pulling a load. Consider the following points while hitching your tractor to implements:

  • Make sure area is clear of bystanders.
  • Back tractor up slowly to implement.
  • Stop and apply emergency brake.
  • Put transmission in neutral.
  • Dismount tractor and hitch up

If you have someone assisting you.

  • Make sure the helper stands clear while your backing up.
  • Back up a little more than necessary then stop the tractor.
  • Put the tractor in a neutral gear, then allow the helper to come near.
  • Inch the tractor forward slowly while your helper drops in the draw pin.

The drawbar mounted on a 3-point hitch system can be moved up and down to fit many situations. Raising the drawbar decreases safety and pulling effectiveness of the tractor. Install stay braces, where possible, to maintain a safe drawbar height. Loads that are attached by looping a chain around the axle housing, seat base, or upper link of the 3-point hitch reduce the pulling capacity of the tractor and increases the possibility of a rearward tractor rollover. Keep your hitches low and always keep the hitch on the drawbar or 3-point hitching system.

Slowly take up slack – never jerk on chains or cables – use the proper safety clips and pins. Be sure no loose chains are dangling as these can catch on stumps or rocks. Broken parts of a chain can act like shrapnel, and a snapped cable can cut the legs from under a person.

  • Using only enough engine speed to start the tractor moving and using the clutch smoothly.
  • Changing tractor speed gradually by applying power smoothly and evenly.
  • Ballasting the tractor properly.
  • Appropriate uses of tyre chains, etc. to improve traction of wheels.
  • Hitching loads properly to the drawbar.

Tractor Drawbar Author: mollypop

Avoiding Hitching Hazards

The drawbar mounted on a 3-point hitch system can be moved up and down to fit many situations. Raising the drawbar decreases safety and pulling effectiveness of the tractor. Install stay braces, where possible, to maintain a safe drawbar height. Loads that are attached by looping a chain around the axle housing, seat base, or upper link of the 3-point hitch reduce the pulling capacity of the tractor and increases the possibility of a rearward tractor rollover. Keep your hitches low and always keep the hitch on the drawbar or 3-point hitching system.

Slowly take up slack – never jerk on chains or cables – use the proper safety clips and pins. Be sure no loose chains are dangling as these can catch on stumps or rocks. Broken parts of a chain can act like shrapnel, and a snapped cable can cut the legs from under a person.

Rearward rollovers can be prevented when hitching an implement by:

  • Using a reverse gear to break tractor tyres from frozen conditions.
  • Using a reverse gear to back the tractor up a steep hill.
  • Using only enough engine speed to start the tractor moving and using the clutch smoothly.
  • Changing tractor speed gradually by applying power smoothly and evenly.
  • Ballasting the tractor properly.
  • Appropriate uses of tire chains, etc. to improve traction of wheels.
  • Hitching loads properly to the drawbar.