Why use electric fencing for equine control?
Electric fencing for equine control is ideal for grazing and pasture management and offers many advantages when compared with a conventional non-electrified fence.
An equine electric fence acts as a psychological barrier and is therefore safer than a traditional non-electrified fence. Horses remember the short, sharp but safe shock and develop respect for the fence. Because of this, horses are less likely to make contact with the fence, reducing the chance of injury to the horse and also reducing wear and tear to your fence, extending its life.
Equine electric fences are also very economical, costing as much as 50% less than traditional non- electrified fences. An electric fence also takes less than half the time to build compared with traditional fence systems, saving you time and money.
So how does an electric fence work for equine control?
An electric fence is a circuit which is powered by an energizer. An energizer provides the electric current which flows when a circuit is completed between a positive and negative terminal.
The energizer fence/red terminal (positive) is connected to the insulated fence wires, and the energizer earth/green terminal (negative) is connected to galvanised metal stakes driven into the ground.
The pulsed electric current is sent along the fence wire, about one pulse per second, from the energizer which is also connected to the ground. When the horse touches the fence it completes the circuit between the fence and the ground receiving a short, sharp but safe shock. The shock is sufficiently memorable so that the horse does not forget it.
Permanent Equine Electric Fencing
There are two types of equine electric fencing; permanent and portable, and three ways to power them, mains, battery or solar/battery energizers.
The effectiveness of your permanent equine electric fence depends on the correct combination of these four factors for your particular situation:
1. A mains powered energizer
2. An earthing system
3. A well-insulated fence system
4. An adequate lead-out (connection between the energizer and the fence).
Portable Equine Electric Fencing
Portable electric fences provide flexibility in pasture management and are ideal for short-term equine control or rotational equine grazing.
Easily transported, constructed and maintained, portable equine fences are an effective temporary fencing solution for horses. Portable fencing can be powered mains, battery or solar/battery energizers.
The main uses of portable electric fencing are:
• Break feeding pasture
• Short-term horse control
• Intensive grazing
• Impromptu fencing – create an enclosure anywhere.
Portable electric fencing has many benefits, including:
• Fast and easy to install
• Re-usable and portable
• Cost effective
• Convenient to carry and transport.
Permanent Equine Fence Solution
The following diagram shows the main components required for a permanent fence as an example.
Tips & Tricks
Protect a conventional fence by adding Pigtail Offsets. Pigtail Offsets feature ultra white insulation and a galvanised steel core.
An easy to use kit that fits an 8″ post and requires no wire tying.
To attach insulated strainers, follow these simple instructions – Firstly, strip 150mm off the plastic coating to expose the galvanised wire – to do this:
- Cut the plastic coating with an electrical wire stripping tool. Use the 4mm wire stripping option on the tool so as not to damage the galvanised wire.
- Tap the wire section to be removed with a hammer (on a hard surface). This breaks the adhesive bond to the wire making the plastic coating easier to remove.
- To remove the 150mm plastic section: Place the cut section between the claw of the hammer (see diagram for example) and pull.
Important: Do not place the claw of the hammer or pliers on the exposed galvanised wire as this will damage the wire and cause corrosion.
- Place fence wire through hole on rear side of strainer. Bend up and cut off at outer edge of barrel. Tension fence with ratchet handle or similar tool.
Why use Tape?
Horse tape products offer safety, performance and longevity through an exclusive interconnected mixed metal weave, which prevents power loss if a metal strand breaks.
40mm Tape End Strain Insulator
Designed for strain insulation of fence start and end points.
40mm Tape Insulator
Designed specifically for tape up to 40mm (11/2″) wide. Includes rubber jaws to lock the tape and prevent abrasion from wind chatter.
Semi-Permanent Fence Solution – Tape
The following diagram shows the main components required for a semi-permanent tape system:
Tips & Tricks
How to install a Corner or End Strain Insulator:
- Make a loop with the tape.
- Thread the loop through the first slot coming from the rear side of the strain plate. Lay tape flat across the plate and thread back through the second slot.
- Feed pin down through the loop. Pull the tape tight, ensuring the pin is securely locked into place – the curved top of the pin must go through the small hole in the plate.
- Secure the remaining part of the insulator, winding lugs on tightly to clamp and secure the strain plate in position.
Why use Braid?
Braid is a woven product designed not to tangle or overstretch and is ideal for long portable fences.
Portable Equine Fence Solution – Braid
The following diagram shows the main components required for a portable braid fence system:
Tips & Tricks
To make your own personalised triple reel set using Braid, follow these simple instructions:
1. Attach the three reels to the reel stand at approximately the recommended heights as shown above.
2. Tie the braid on to each of the reels at the wire termination guide in the centre of the hub of the reel.
3. Wind the braid on to the reel. It is important to keep tension on the braid as you wind. Ensure the braid is fed through the orange wire guide, to distribute the braid evenly on the hub.
4. Tie the insulated grip to the end of the braid.
5. To get good tension along your portable fence line, ensure the insulated grip end is secured to or near a sturdy post.
6. Ensure the reel is hung on or near an electrified fence or near posts.
7. Connect the leadset from the termination wire on the reel to your portable energizer or permanent fence power source.